Aegeansea is located between Turkey on the east
and Greece on the west. The Aegean Sea is 600 km
(400 mi) long and 300 km (200 mi) wide, it has a
total area of some 83,000 square miles (214,000
The name is variously explained in writings of
antiquity as derived from Aegeus, king of Athens
and father of Theseus, or from Aegea, a queen of
the Amazons who drowned in the sea, or from an ancient
Greek town named Aegae.
The Aegean Sea is also an important natural feature.
It is connected with the Sea of Marmara to the northeast
by the Dardanelles Strait and the Bosporus with
the Black Sea.
The maximum depth of the Aegean reaches 11,627
feet (3,543 m) in the east of Crete. The rocks making
up the floor of the Aegean are mainly limestone,
though often greatly altered by volcanic activity
that has convulsed the region in relatively recent
The Aegean Sea winds usually appear during the
warm season from May to September, blow to the north
and are called etisies or meltemia. The meltemia
season begins around the end of May and ends around
the end of October. They are the strongest during
the months of July and August, and their average
duration is from 2 to 4 days, although they do not
have the same frequency of appearance every year.
These winds mostly blow during the day, from 8 in
the morning to 8 in the evening, and are at their